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VMware View 5: Building a Successful Virtual Desktop

Paul O'Doherty

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afbeelding van VMware View 5

Uitvoering Paperback
Auteur
Uitgever Instruct Educatieve Uitgeverij
Website www.pearsoneducation.nl
Publicatiedatum
Druk 1
Bladzijden 600
Taal Engels
EAN 9780321822345
ISBN 978-0-321-82234-5
ISBN10 032182234X

VMware View 5 for the Desktop.

DELIVER HIGH-VALUE VIRTUAL DESKTOP INFRASTRUCTURE AND A SUPERIOR USER EXPERIENCE
Companies that have already realized the benefits of VMware server virtualization are now discovering that VMware View 5 offers equally powerful opportunities on the client side. VMware View 5 is a comprehensive enterprise-class solution. But, until now, crucial information about it has been scattered throughout dozens of technical documents. In VMware View 5, leading desktop virtualization expert Paul O’Doherty combines this critical information with deep insights and best practices from his extensive enterprise deployment experience.

O’Doherty walks through every step, from the earliest planning phases through configuration, implementation, and management. He addresses important considerations ranging from changes to end-user experience through support and performance management. You’ll learn how to plan and smoothly stage virtual desktop infrastructure deployments, and avoid pitfalls associated with latency, scalability, storage, and networking.

Whether you’re an architect, system administrator, or virtualization consultant, this guide’s proven techniques can help you dramatically improve IT productivity as you build environments that are far more flexible and easier to manage.

COVERAGE INCLUDES
- Understanding the business value of desktop virtualization, and how VMware View delivers it
- Engaging end users in the process of delivering desktop services
- Using vSphere virtual infrastructure to add even more value to the virtual desktop
- Properly installing and configuring VMware View environments, including View Persona
- Virtualizing applications with ThinApp
- Building and tuning virtual desktops for optimal performance
- Managing ThinApp packages and pools in complex enterprise environments
- Protecting virtualized desktops against malware with VMware vShield EndPoint
- Delivering a rich, high-performance user experience
- Using Offline Desktops to serve tablets and other mobile devices
- Migrating from older versions of View
- Providing high availability and addressing single points of failure
- Monitoring and actively managing virtual desktops by integrating vCenter Operations Manager with VMware View Adapter

Paul O’Doherty is a Cloud Solution Manager at Onx.com, and has spent 20 years designing, implementing and managing IT infrastructures in highly available computing environments. His experience with virtualization includes OS virtualization, storage virtualization, application virtualization, and WAN optimization. He holds numerous industry certifications, publishes reviews at virtualization.info, and maintains the popular virtualization site virtualguru.org.

Table of Contents

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix

About the Author xx

1 Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Overview 1
The Evolution of the Virtual Desktop 1
- Where Did It All Start? 1
- The Importance of Application Virtualization 6
- The Importance of User Data Management 9
- The Importance of Multimedia 10
VoIP 11
- Considerations for Deploying VDI 11
- Thin Clients 15
- Test Failure Scenarios 16
- Engage the Users 17
- Planning for VMware View 17
Summary 31

2 VMware View Architecture 33
Virtual 33
- Infrastructure Introduction 34
- VMware vSphere 5 Architecture 39
- VMware vSphere 5 40
- VMware ESXi 40
- vCenter Server 41
- Network 46
- Storage 50
VMware View Architecture 50
- Load Balancing 51
- Active Directory 53
Summary 67

3 VMware View 5 Implementation 69
Preparing a vCenter Installation 69
Installing Microsoft SQL Server 73
- Full Backup 82
- Differential 89
- Log Backups 89
Installing vCenter 90
Installing vSphere 98
- Auto Deploy 102
- Host Profiles 112
- Storage Connectivity 115
Installing VMware View 116
Configuring the View Connection Server 120
- Adding vCenter Server 123
- Configuring the Transfer Server 126
- Adding the Transfer Server 128
- Adding the Image Repository 129
- Publishing Virtual Machine for Offline Mode 129
- The Event Database 129
- Persona Management 132
- Security Servers 133
- Firewall Rules 135
- Adding the Security Servers 135
Summary 138

4 Application Virtualization 139
Why Virtualize Applications? 139
- Setting Up the ThinApp Packaging Environment 141
- ThinApp Packages and Microsoft Activation 156
- Creating a Package 157
- Deploying a Package Through View 168
Summary 171

5 Building Your Virtual Desktop 173
P2V or Clean Build? 173
- Manually Installing Windows 7 175
- Manually Installing the VMware View Agent 179
- Installing Windows 7 Through VMware Workstation 181
- Installing an Image Through vCenter 186
- General Optimizations 197
- Operating System Optimizations 198
- Manually Installing Windows 2008 RDS Server 199
- Making a Terminal Server Look Like a Desktop 199
- View Persona Management 202
- View Persona Management: A New Approach 209
- Completing the Cycle of Persona Management 210
Summary 210

6 View Operations and Management 211
Managing a VMware View Environment 211
Using View Folders 212
Types of Desktop Pools 214
- Automated Desktop Pools 215
- Manual Desktop Pools 215
- Microsoft Terminal Services Desktop Pool 215
Creating Desktop Pools 216
- SysPrep or QuickPrep? 223
Power Options 225
- Pool Settings 228
View Composer Settings 234
- View Composer Disks 235
- vCenter Settings 235
- Provisioning Settings 239
Entitlement 241
View Composer 242
- Replicas 243
- Refresh 245
- Recompose 248
- Rebalance 249
Managing Persistent Disks 251
Managing Applications 254
- Updating ThinApp Packages 254
- About Relink 254
- Inplace Upgrades 256
- SandBox Merge 257
- Using AppSync 261
Summary 266

7 VMware vShield EndPoint 267
VMware vShield EndPoint 267
High-Level Architecture 268
vSphere Update Manager 271
- Creating the 32-Bit ODBC Connection 273
- Installing Update Manager 277
- Configuring Update Manager 284
Patching Your Environment 293
Adding the vShield Manager to the vSphere Environment 300
Adding the vShield Driver to Your VMs 307
Plugging In Your Third-Party Solution 308
Integrating vShield and Trend Micro Deep Security 315
Summary 329

8 A Rich End-User Experience 331
How Do You Deliver a Rich End-User Experience? 332
Enhancements in PCoIP 334
Building a Performance Test Environment 336
Installing and Configuring WANem 340
Installing and Configuring WireShark 346
Tuning PCoIP 350
Tuning Parameters 351
Further Analysis 357
- PCoIP Bandwidth Utilization 361
- PCoIP Bandwidth Rate Limiting 362
- PCoIP Connection Quality 363
- PCoIP Packet Counts 363
- PCoIP Connection Latency 364
Encoding Graphs 364
The Impact of Load or IOPS 366
Setting Up VMware ViewPlanner 367
Setting Up the Client Desktop 371
Summary 372

9 Offline Desktops 373
Why Deliver an Offline Desktop? 373
- Best Practices 384
Summary 389

10 Migrating from Older Versions of View 391
Upgrading to New Versions of View 391
Upgrading Example 393
Summary 417

11 High Availability Considerations 419
Making Your View Environment Resilient 419
Storage Heartbeats 423
Configuring iSCSI Multipathing 427
VMware FT 430
- vCenter Heartbeat 431
- Installing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 432
- Configuring VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 438
- Testing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 441
Other Services and Considerations 442
High Availability Scenario 446
Deploying a Microsoft Cluster on vSphere 448
- Creating a Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Cluster 449
- Connecting the Windows Cluster to the SAN 451
- Using MCS 452
- Configuring MCS 453
- Using MPIO 457
- Configuring MPIO 458
- Preparing the Volumes 465
- Installing the Microsoft Cluster 466
- Configuring the Cluster 468
- Adding File Services and the Distributed File System 470
- Distributed File System 475
- Installing and Configuring DFS 475
- Setting Up Windows NLB 477
- Updating Cisco Switches to Support NLB 478
Summary 479

12 Performance and Monitoring 481
Establishing a Performance Baseline 481
- Installing vCenter Operations 482
- Create an IP Pool 484
- Deploy vCenter Operations 487
- Configure vCenter Operations 488
- License vCenter Operations 490
Summary 509

Index 511